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Legitimacy and Justice

Dario Castiglione has written extensively on issues of democratic legitimacy in the EU, and on its legitimacy crisis. Starting from the mid-1990s, he contributed to what, together with Richard Bellamy, he called “the normative turn” in European studies: the development of a political and legal theory literature looking at the EU’s constitutional development from a normative perspective.



Mihail Danov is interested in the issues concerning access to effective legal remedies for private parties in EU competition law cases and in cross-border commercial law disputes within the European Union.

Catherine Dupré has worked on post-communist transitions and on the development of constitutional justice in Hungary. More recently, her work has involved studying the turn to ‘illiberal democracy’ from the perspective of human dignity which is the first ‘foundational value’ of the EU and for which she is developing a broad theoretical and comparative framework. Her interest in processes of constitutional drafting also led her to Iceland where she studied the constitutional reform initiated in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis.

Kuba Jablonowski is interested in the political dimension of EU citizenship. He researched political participation and representation of migrant citizens exercising the right to free movement in the UK, and problematised these practices as a matter of democratic legitimacy.

Sandra Kröger has a strong research interest in the EU’s democratic legitimacy. She has reflected on which actors require and create which type of legitimacy, and what stands in the way of specific actors acting more legitimately. She has also reflected on what makes the EU democratically legitimate as a whole.